Indonesia

INDONESIA...Where the differences becomes Unifier

The world has already knew that Indonesia is unique country with various of ethnic group who stayed and lived in harmony. However, Indonesia has about 740 of ethnic groups, 583 traditional languages and 67 dialects with own characteristic in each region, so, Indonesia is the only one country in the world with the riches of various art and cultures. And all of its became as one nation with unifier slogan Bhinneka Tunggal Ika ( Unity in Diversity ).

Meanwhile, Indonesia as Unitary State with large of geographic area, will need a geographic division to control and develop each region, so, the citizen prosperities will be reach appropriate with the struggle spirit of the patriots who was fought for the freedom and glorious of Indonesia.

Here are the 34 provinces in Indonesia with the characeristic of each region :

Indonesia Provinces in Sumatera Island


NANGGRO ACEH DARUSSALAM :
Nickname: Serambi Mekkah
Capital city: Banda Aceh
Declared: December 7 1959 / UU No 24 1956
Historical Relic: Kherkoff (Dutch Cemetary) and The King of Iskandar Muda grave
Traditional House: Rumoh Aceh, Rumah Krong Pade or Berandang
Traditional Weapon: Rencong, Sikin Panyang, Klewang and Peudeung oon Teubee
Language: Aceh Gayo, Alas, Aneuk Jamee, Tamiang, Devayan, Simeulue
Local Custom: Pidie
Ethnic group: Aceh, Gayo, Alas, Kluet, Melayu Tamiang, Haloban, Devayan, Sigulai, Julu, Singkil, Aneuk Jamee, Simelue, and Pulau
Music Instrumental: Serune Kalee, Canang, Geunderang, Gong, Rapa-ii, Rifai
Traditional Ballets: Seudati, Saman, Ranup Lam Puan, Meuseukat, Kipah Sikarang Aceh, Aceh Gempar, Mulia Ratep Aceh, Rapai Geleng Aceh, Turun Kuaih Aunen Aceh, Bungong Seulanga Aceh, Likok Puloe Aceh, Didong Gayo Aceh, and more.

NORTH SUMATERA :
Nickname: Melayu Deli City
Capital city: Medan
Declared: December 7 1959 / UU No 24 1956
Historical Relic: Biaro Bahal, founded at Padang Sidempuan, Maimun/Deli Palace, Portibi temple (Hinduism Panai 1039),Fortress Struggling (Majapahit 1365), Batak Kings stone grave
Traditional House: Bolon House
Traditional Weapon: Piso Surit, Hujur, Podang, Belati, Piso Gaja Dompak
Language: Batak
Local Custom: Karo
Ethnic group: Batak Karo, Batak Simalungun, Batak Fakfak, Batak Angkola, Batak Toba, Melayu, Nias, Batak Mandailing, and Maya-maya
Music Instrumental: Aramba, Doli-doli, Faritia, Garantung, Gonrang, Hapetan, Kendang Melayu, Gedumba or Marwas
Traditional Ballets: Serampang Dua Belas, Tor Tor, Terang Bulan (Karo) Maena (Nias), Karo Lima Serangkai, Kemuliaan Man Dibata Karo, Bolo-Bolo Karo, Begu Deleng Sumatera Utara, Ngari-ngari Karo.

WEST SUMATERA :
Nickname: Beloved City
Capital city: Padang
Declared: July 3 1958 / UU No 61 1958
Historical Relic: tombstone of King Adityawarman 1356, Pagaruyung epigraphy 1356, Adityawarman epigraphy from Suroaso (Batusangkar)
Traditional House: Gadang House
Traditional Weapon: Karih, Kerambit, Belati, spear, Ruduih, Piarit
Language: Minang
Local Custom: Batu Sangkar
Ethnic group: Minangkabau, Melayu, Mentawai, Tanjung Kato, Panyali, Caniago, Sikumbang, and Gusci
Music Instrumental: Saluang, Talempong
Traditional Ballets: Baralek Gadang, Indang Minangkabau, Rantak Minangkabau, Galombang Minangkabau, and more.

RIAU PROVINCE :
Nickname: Fortunate City
Capital city: Pekan Baru
Declared: July 25 1958 / UU No 61 1958
Historical Relic: Sri Siak Indapura Palace 1898
Traditional House: Melayu Selaso Jatuh Kembar House
Traditional Weapon: Jenawi Sword, Badik Tumbuk Lada
Language: Malay
Local Custom: Teluk Belanga and Kebaya Labuh
Ethnic group: Akit, Talang Mamak, Hutan, Sakai, Laut, Bunoi
Music Instrumental: Gambus, Rebana, Saluang and Talempong
Traditional Ballets: Joged Lambak, Pedang Jenawi, Pembubung, Sinar, Lenggang Melayu, Zapin Sekampung, Zapin, Zapin Kampung Melayu Pekan Baru, RiuhTambourine.


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